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  • Emina Helić Čamdžić

Developing Climate Change Awareness Through Education

The town of Vienna with ecological transport

Photo of the town of Vienna with ecologically acceptable public transport. Photo by Eminent Atelier

     The top photo serves as a powerful reminder of the crucial importance of sustainability, healthy, smart and energy efficient cities, incorporating afforestation practices. The essence of creating urban environments that are livable and environmentally conscious and forward-thinking. In the year 2015, leaders from 19 countries came together to reach a consensus on the United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and indicators as written in this report, setting a roadmap for global progress towards a more equitable and sustainable future. These goals and their corresponding indicators provide a framework for addressing global challenges and steering societies towards a more inclusive and prosperous path.

Even though there are things that are hard to be thought about in data and according to the Gates Foundation those refers to crises and innovations. According to the report, can be concluded that in the timescale from year 2020 to year 2022, marked by the Covid-19 pandemic, the percentage of people who are not attending any education in countries with low or medium GDP has risen to 13%.


     MDG ( Millennium Goals ) have focused, as it is stated in the Gates Foundation's report, on clean sanitary rooms while currently around 58% of world population uses safely managed sanitary rooms. Unlike the MDG goals, the SDG goals also contain an indicator for solving sewage waters from sanitary rooms which according to data and architectural design refers to designing sanitary rooms, appropriately equipped toilets in public buildings and if not regulated also in private buildings. According to the report and accessible data, there is a backlog in the progress of achieving the SDG goals of universal access to sanitary spaces. Financial inclusion, as it is stated, had risen to 30% in the last 10 years.


     When it comes to climate change, it is mentioned the major impact of climate change on agriculture and farmers. Which leads to the conclusion that is needed to develop awareness about climate education. Climate changes are reflected in the temperature rise, changes in weather patterns, melting glaciers and snow, and in the rise of the absolute sea level. With the goal to reduce the impacts of climate change, the signatory countries of the UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) have agreed to limit the global increase in the temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius compared to the preindustrial time.

     To decrease the temperature rise, global emissions of greenhouse gasses need to be reduced, and until the year 2050 the emissions of greenhouse gasses need to be reduced even by 50% compared to the measurements and data from the year 1990. The EU is supporting the reduction of greenhouse gasses and according to data from the year 1990 plans to reduce the greenhouse gasses emission for 80% to 95%.

Main resources of greenhouse gasses CO2 and CH4 which are the result of human action are according to the EU agency for environment: the burning of fossil fuels, agriculture and deforestation, placing large amounts of trash, usage of certain industrial fuels.

     According to the mentioned can be concluded that there is a need for education about the effects of climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and resources of greenhouse gasses, SDG (sustainable development goals) and indicators.


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